By the year 2045, approximately 10% of the world's population is alarmingly estimated to have type II diabetes. Men with diabetes often have fertility problems, including reduced sex drive, difficulty getting erections, and abnormal sperm. While some medications like pioglitazone and metformin have shown potential in improving sperm function, better treatments are needed to address male infertility in diabetic individuals.

A study conducted by researchers from the University of South China found that giving diabetic male mice a substance called nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN) improved the structure and function of their testes, leading to more healthy and viable sperm. The researchers observed that NMN also restored the size of the tubes in the testes responsible for creating sperm and increased the number of essential enzymes involved in using glucose for energy, which improved the overall health of the testes. These findings suggest that NMN could potentially reverse male infertility caused by diabetes.

NMN Counteracts Diabetes-Linked Testicular Dysfunction

During the study, the researchers induced diabetes in mice using a drug called streptozotocin, which led to a significant reduction in the number of sperm and an increase in the proportion of abnormal sperm. However, when the mice received NMN treatment, these negative effects were reversed, with the sperm count returning to normal and the amount of abnormal sperm decreasing.

To further understand NMN's impact on the testes, the researchers examined the size of specific structures called seminiferous tubules, where sperm precursor cells are made. The mice with diabetes had smaller seminiferous tubules compared to the ones without diabetes. When given NMN, those tubules bounced back to a healthier size. It looks like NMN might be onto something here in reversing the effects of diabetes on these important structures. This suggests that NMN's ability to improve the structure of the testes could potentially reverse infertility caused by diabetes.

Type II diabetes affects the way the body uses glucose for energy. To investigate how NMN might be working, the researchers looked at the levels of important enzymes involved in this process in the testes of diabetic mice. They found that the enzyme levels were significantly reduced due to diabetes, but when NMN was given, they increased again. This suggests that NMN may help the testes use glucose properly, providing the energy needed for producing sperm and potentially reversing infertility.

The Diabetic Problem in India

India is grappling with a significant diabetes problem, with approximately 77 million people already diagnosed with the condition. In 2020 alone, around 700,000 Indians lost their lives due to diabetes and its complications. Shockingly, this number is expected to skyrocket to a staggering 134 million diabetes cases in India by the year 2045.

The increase in diabetes cases can be directly linked to various changes in the environment and lifestyle. Urbanization has brought about significant shifts in how people live and eat, leading to unhealthy dietary habits and a rise in obesity rates. To make matters worse, there's a surge in the accumulation of visceral fat, which poses additional health risks.

Research indicates that Indians have a higher tendency for insulin resistance, a condition where the body doesn't respond well to insulin, increasing the risk of diabetes. All these factors combined make Indians more susceptible to developing diabetes, creating a challenging health crisis in the country.

Medications like pioglitazone and metformin may help restore fertility in men with diabetes by improving glucose usage in the testes. The study's findings suggest that NMN could offer another potential solution for restoring male fertility in diabetic individuals. Further research should compare the effectiveness of pioglitazone, metformin, and NMN in this regard. Adopting healthier eating habits and regular exercise can also help counter the effects of diabetes and possibly restore male fertility. The discovery that NMN might restore fertility in diabetic men brings hope for those of reproductive age, giving them the possibility of having children in the future.

Thinking of trying NMN? Read Best NMN Supplements In India: A Review Of The Top 5 - June 2023